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Earliest evidence for the use of pottery

O. E. Craig,
H. Saul,
A. Lucquin,
Y. Nishida,
K. Tachй,
L. Clarke,
A. Thompson,
D. T. Altoft,
J. Uchiyama,
M. Ajimoto,
K. Gibbs,
S. Isaksson,
C. P. Heron
& P. Jordan

Corresponding author

(18 April 2013)

31 January 2013
20 March 2013
Published online
10 April 2013

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Pottery was a hunter-gatherer innovation that first emerged in East Asia between 20,000 and 12,000 calibrated years before present1, 2 (cal bp), towards the end of the Late Pleistocene epoch, a period of time when humans were adjusting to changing climates and new environments. Ceramic container technologies were one of a range of late glacial adaptations that were pivotal to structuring subsequent cultural trajectories in different regions of the world, but the reasons for their emergence and widespread uptake are poorly understood. The first ceramic containers must have provided prehistoric hunter-gatherers with attractive new strategies for processing and consuming foodstuffs, but virtually nothing is known of how early pots were used. Here we report the chemical analysis of food residues associated with Late Pleistocene pottery, focusing on one of the best-studied prehistoric ceramic sequences in the world, the Japanese Jōmon. We demonstrate that lipids can be recovered reliably from charred surface deposits adhering to pottery dating from about 15,000 to 11,800 cal bp (the Incipient Jōmon period), the oldest pottery so far investigated, and that in most cases these organic compounds are unequivocally derived from processing freshwater and marine organisms. Stable isotope data support the lipid evidence and suggest that most of the 101 charred deposits analysed, from across the major islands of Japan, were derived from high-trophic-level aquatic food. Productive aquatic ecotones were heavily exploited by late glacial foragers3, perhaps providing an initial impetus for investment in ceramic container technology, and paving the way for further intensification of pottery use by hunter-gatherers in the early Holocene epoch. Now that we have shown that it is possible to analyse organic residues from some of the world’s earliest ceramic vessels, the subsequent development of this critical technology can be clarified through further widespread testing of hunter-gatherer pottery from later periods.

Посуда - изобретение охотников-собирателей с Востока.
blink.gif Авторы почти слово в слово повторяют выводы 7-летней давности из статьи нашего археолога из Владивостока.

Yaroslav V. Kuzmin (2005) Chronology of the earliest pottery in East Asia: progress and pitfalls. Antiquity 80, 362–371.

The origin of pottery is among the most important questions in Old World archaeology. The author undertakes a critical review of radiocarbon dates associated with the earliest pottery-making and eliminates a number of them where the material or its context are unreliable. Using those that survive this process of ‘chronometric hygiene’, he proposes that food-containers made of burnt clay originated in East Asia in the Late Glacial, c. 13 700-13 300 BP, and appeared in three separate regions, in Japan, China and far eastern Russia, at about the same time.

В абстракте он не был столь категоричен в нижнем пределе времени появления керамики, как авторы статьи в Nature, но в тексте датировка в 20000 лет обсуждается. Давал ссылку на эту работу в своей статье о ДНК-генеалогии японцев и корейцев. Кому интересно, могут посмотреть оригинальную статью в прилагаемом файле.

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